Barabar caves are situated in Bihar. Apart from the stupas, caves are the main architectural remains of the period preceding the Gupta dynasty which was founded in the first half of the fourth century AD. The earliest and most prominent among these artificial caves, excavated for religious purposes, are the Buddhist caves of Barabar, located 25 km north of Gaya in Bihar.
Carved out from solid rocks, Barabar caves were excavated by the greatest Mauryan emperor Ashoka for use by Buddhist monks. However, Ashoka dedicated two of the Barabar caves to the monks of Ajivika sect, who were among the chief rivals of Buddhists. This goes on to show that the Ajivika sect enjoyed patronage of Ashoka and his successor Dasharatha who is also credited with the dedication of two caves in the Nagarjuni Hills, near Barabar, to the Ajivikas.
The inner walls of the Barabar caves are finely polished. The workmen of these caves belonged to the school that was responsible for the polish of Ashokan pillars and inscriptions which he erected in the 3rd century BC in different parts of the country.
How to reach
By Air: Patna airport is the nearest airport and is km away from Barabar caves.
By Rail: Gaya, 25 km away from Barabar caves, is a major railway station connected with all the main places in India
By Road: The famous archaeological site of Barabar caves is well connected by road with different places in Bihar. Good road connect Barabar caves with Bodh Gaya which is 41 km away from the former.
Best time to visit
Temperatures are extreme in Barabar caves during winters and summers. October to March is the best time to visit Barabar Caves when the daytime temperature remains mild and pleasant.